The country is crying out for liberty and equality. Every man and woman has the right to express his/her opinions,” echoes Mariah S. Stewart, the first African-American female to speak amongst a mixed race and gender crowd. Since the very moment men dictated women to act as children, seen and not heard, fervent female voices refused the patriarchal oppression aimed at quelling the efforts of their female gender’s. With a social order firmly placed in position and accepted in large by those in political and social power, women activists continued to work towards impeding the subjection, which denounced them as the weaker, unintellectual, unspiritual, less virtuous and inarticulate sex. While some of these women used the power of
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Aspasia was gifted with the art of speaking and Glenn provides Socrates and many other political leaders’ praise of her astounding rhetorical skill in her essay. While some critics may consider Glenn an incessant supporter of reintroducing Aspasia’s name as a contemporary to some key orators of the fourth century, other female scholars contend that forgotten orators like Aspasia must remerge in historical traditions in order to “forge a new storying of our tradition that circumvents the veiled cultural supremacy operative in mainstream histories of Rhetoric” (181). By questioning the preeminent western stories where men become the focal point of critical thought and philosophy, female scholars can “disrupt, refigure, and then enrich what has long been held as patriarchal territory,” while simultaneously changing the “contemporary academic and cultural scene as well,” (Glenn 181; 195).
By diverting attention from the standard male philosophers such as Plato, Socrates and Aristotle and through analyzing the binary structures placed in the framework of rhetoric and composition studies, in Rereading the Sophists” Susan Jarratt reconfigures the value in fifth century sophists