Numerous studies have been conducted that indicate mothers with depression prior to birth and after birth can affect infant development. These include cognitive, behavioral, social, and emotional aspects. This paper will be examining two articles with similar methodologies and various responses displayed in the participants. Both articles take on similar approaches; however, one article examines how less-competent mothers with depression, negatively influences child behavior and the latter takes on the approach that maternal depression is a psychological response to economic pressures leading to negative responses to a child (Newland, Crnic, Cox & Mills-Koonce, 2013, p. 96). Wang and Dix (2013) examine the levels of depression and
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The participants in the study consisted of 80% Caucasians and 85% living with a partner. Researchers observed mother-child play for fifteen minutes at each of the four time intervals within the three-year period, further analyzing if the mothers’ interaction was intrusive, over-controlled or over-involved. (Wang and Dix., 2013, p. 886). Alternatively, Newland et al. (2013) obtained data from a longitudinal study of families living in high levels of poverty. Procedures include conducting interviews, questionnaires, child assessments and observations of mother-child interactions, whereby the mother and the child participated for two to three hour visits at each age interval.
Results and biases
Wang and Dix (2013) suggest that children with depressed mothers that are highly competent and are able to do tasks successfully may develop just as well as children with non-depressed mothers (p. 893). This study suggests that highly competent depressed mothers do in fact have children that exhibit behavioral problems and show low social competence. Highly competent depressed mothers tend to be more intrusive and hostile towards their children when compared to non-depressed mothers (Wang and Dix., 2013, p. 893). Based on other studies, Newland et al. (2013) found that parenting behaviors that are affected by high levels of economic pressure leads to