America's Attack on Japan Using the Atomic Bomb: Was It Necessary?

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On the August 6, 1945, the world's first atomic bomb was dropped on the Japanese city of Hiroshima, by the United States. A flash, stronger than the sun itself, followed by a fiery explosion within seconds completely annihilated the city. A few days later another Japanese city, Nagasaki, was obliterated by a second atomic bomb. These attacks were in an effort to end World War II promptly. But were these horrific attacks necessary? Japan had already been shattered in the previous year, Russia was on the verge of declaring war on Japan, and I believe the fairly new President Truman was steered into making the decision that would make history and science books by use of a technological weapon against a war enemy. Therefore, I believe …show more content…
I believe the United States wanted to avenge the Japanese attacks on Pearl Harbor in a blaze of glory, and "that Russia might be more manageable if impressed by American military might." (B) This was like a big game of "Risk", where two opponents can show off how they can capture and or obliterate a country faster, and in a more clever way.

President Truman and his advisers were well aware of the situation between Russia and Japan. Russia was weeks away from breaking its neutrality pact with Japan and declaring war: "He'll [Stalin] be in the Jap War on August 15th." (E) Truman knew the Soviets were well prepared for any attack because of Secretary of State James Byrnes' statement to Leo Szilard about Russian troop movement: "[troops] moved into Hungary and Rumania; Byrnes thought it would be very difficult to persuade Russia to withdraw her troops from these countries..." (B) Truman said in his diary that Stalin had plans that were "dynamite" and also noted in private "but I have some dynamite too which I'm not exploding now." (E) August 15th, a date which Stalin mentioned to the President was after the atomic bomb explosions of August 6th and 9th, so it was definitely possible for President Truman to have waited for Soviet Russia to

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