Analysis of A Midsummer Night's Dream by William Shakespeare Essay

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Analysis of A Midsummer Night's Dream by William Shakespeare

A Midsummer Nights Dream is a play by William Shakespeare, and I believe is mainly summed up by this line from the play

‘The course of true love never did run smooth’

This is basically saying that being in love comes with many obstacles and dilemmas.

In the play there is a dilemma at the beginning, this is where Egeus is going to visit Theseus, the ruler of Athens, with concern for his daughter and whom she wishes to marry.

‘Full of vexation I come with complaint of my child, my daughter Hermia’ (Act one, scene one line 21)

This is because Hermia loves and wants to wed Lysander but her father Egeus, wishes for her to wed
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This is ironic as Hermia does not love or want Demetrius. Hermia shows this by exclaiming ‘I give him curses yet he gives me love’ (Act one, line 196)

and ‘The more I hath him the more he follows me’ (Act one, line 198)

Helena’s reply is even more ironic as she moans to Hermia ‘The more I love, the more he hath me’ (Act one, line 199) but then there is a reversal…

This reversal is because in act two scene one puck a fairy is ordered by the fairy king Oberon who is watching all the drama unfold, to put a magic potion on the eyes of both Lysander and Demetrius. ‘The juice of it on sleeping eyelids laid will make or man or woman madly dote upon the next live creature that it sees.’ (act two line170)

This is so when both men awake they will both awake to a woman each and fall for the one they see. But all does not run smoothly as both men awake to see Helena.

This creates a role reversal as now both men have fallen for Helena and not Hermia no longer (Helena /Hermia swapped).

Helena you would think would no longer be upset as Demetrius wants her back, When he awakens to Helena he declares ‘O Helen, goddess, nymph, perfect, divine! To what my love, shall I compare thine eyne?’ (act three line137) Just what she wanted, but because it has happened so abrupt and suddenly she believes Demetrius is fooling her.


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