The title, Frankenstein (or the Modern Prometheus), applies to the protagonist of the story, Dr. Victor Frankenstein. The subtitle, the Modern Prometheus, dates back to ancient Greek Mythology, where a character, Prometheus, stole fire from Zeus and gave it to mortals. In this case, Prometheus is Victor, with similarities being, that they both stole something from Godly figures (Victor stealing the power of life from God) and the fact that they both gave it to those forbidden to obtain it (Victor giving life to the dead). The story takes off in a construction of epistolary form (through letters), with Captain Walton (an English explorer surveying the polar regions of the far north) informing his sister in England about his mission, which
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Soon after he finishes telling the story, Victor takes his last breath and dies of exhaustion; he is soon found by the creature who claims that Victor was his father. As the sea starts to crack the creature refuses to be saved and cremates himself along with Victor. Progressing through the story, we realize that it is told in different levels of narration; there is Walton starting off the story in letters, then Frankenstein’s story is told to Walton who is telling the readers the story. Again, this gothic characteristic evokes a sense of realism to the story, allowing the readers to have deeper insight. Other aspects of gothic literature are the lonely and frightening settings. Shelley uses these isolated and dark places to represent the loneliness and alienation of the monster, due to mankind’s resentment.
“The Desert Mountains and dreary glaciers are my refuge. I have wandered here many days; the caves of ice, which I only do not fear, are a dwelling to me, and the only one which man does not grudge.”
The creature shows that he has been labelled as a “monster” and rejected by everyone because of his image. On the other hand, the irony is humankind labelling the creature as a “monster” even though their judgmental ways can also be considered as a monstrous act. To add to Gothicism, there is also Frankenstein pushing the realms of