Andrea Palladio Essay
Andrea Palladio (1508-80) was one of the most influential figures of Renaissance architecture, who worked in Vicenza in northern Italy as well as in Venice and the surrounding Veneto.
Born in Padua, Palladio trained as a stonemason moving to Vicenza in 1524 to continue his training. Giangiorgio Trissino (1478-1550), his patron, introduced him to classical and humanist studies and took him on his first trip to Rome – where he later spent two years studying. His architectural development was deeply influenced by this direct study of Roman antiquity.
Trissino’s patronage gave Palladio …show more content…
Palladio created a new form for these villas by reinventing the Veneto tradition of rural architecture – a central house with a portico or loggia across part of the façade, a horizontal room plan and two symmetrical end towers – using his newly obtained classical insights.
Examples include the Villa Barbaro at Maser (begun c. 1550) which has a middle building – resembling a temple - between extended arms. The interior plan is characteristically Palladian with a Greek cross plan using a central space with smaller rooms slotted into the corners. The interiors are simple but fresco paintings – mostly by Paolo Veronese (1528-88) replicate architectural elements and include trompe l’oeil open doors, views to the outside and people.
Another notable example, the Villa Capra (or Rotonda) (completed after Palladio’s death in 1591) just outside Vicenza, is a square building with a domed