Essay about Differences in Forms of Fascism

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As pointed out by Umberto Eco in his essay Ur-Fascism, fascism has become a catch-all word for any form of government that features a very strong central government. In his essay, Eco lists fourteen different characteristics that are features in a fascist government. However, despite their obvious similarities there are shades of difference between them. This is due to the fact that fascism typically preaches an extreme form of nationalism, and is therefore shaped uniquely by individual states it arrives in. To illustrate this point, one needs only to look at two different forms of fascism that arose in Europe in the early Twentieth Century, Italian Fascism and Nazi Germany. The original form of fascism was born in Italy by Benito …show more content…
These speeches would emphasis the need for action over rational thought. Typically Mussolini would cry "don't think, act!" to the masses. Rationality took a back seat to action in the Italian fascist regime. One thing that was initially missing from Mussolini's regime was the racial prejudice. Anti-semitism wasn't present originally. Mussolini himself took pride in the fact that the head rabbi in Italy was part of the fascist party. Mussolini did however, have a problem with Zionism, which he saw as a competing form of nationalism. This later grew into full blown anti-semitism as fascist Italy grew closer to Nazi Germany. In National Socialist, or Nazi, Germany, Adolf Hitler placed an emphasis on the allying of people with the same blood-lines. Hitler was very much into having an ideal human with particular physical characteristics, such as having light colored hair and eyes, and being tall. This was put into the educational system so that children growing up in Nazi Germany would be indoctrinated into Hitler's ideas about "racial hygiene". Hitler used the term Aryan, which was actually a language group, to make connections between the various ethnic groups in Europe. People of Scandinavia and Germany were related because they both contained Aryans blood. Furthermore, there was a concept of a racial soul, where different people of different races had corresponding temperaments. These racial policies

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