Dr. James Dewey Watson Essay

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Dr. James Dewey Watson is an American molecular biologist, geneticist, zoologist, scientist, and thinker. Dr. James D. Watson was born in Chicago, Illinois, on April 6, 1928 to James Dewey Watson and Jean Watson. During his undergraduate years Watson did not study what he is now known for, genetics or biochemistry; it was actually in the field of ornithology. He became interested in finding out the secret of the gene after reading Erwin Schrodinger’s influential book what is life?, he studied and graduated at age nineteen from the University of Chicago, received a degree from Indiana University in Bloomington studying the effect of x-rays on bacteria. Watson worked at the University of Cambridge’s Cavendish Laboratory in England, where he …show more content…
Each of these nucleotides comprises a deoxyribose sugar, a phosphate group and a small organic molecule also known as a base. DNA carries the information needed to construct and operate an organism. Part of the DNA is responsible for switching genes on and off and regulating how much of each type of protein is made. The information is coded in DNA in the order of the chemical letter of which DNA is made, the order of nucleotides triplets in a gene, which specify the order of a particular amino acid in a protein. James D. Watson along with Francis Crick and Maurice Wilkins won the Nobel Prize in Physiology and medicine for discovering the structure of DNA in the year 1962. Many argue that this Nobel Prize should not be granted to these fellow scientists. Rosalind Franklin was a British X-ray crystallography, who created the world’s best X-ray diffraction pictures of DNA. Working alone, Franklin found that DNA can exist in two forms depending on their surroundings. She found that her x-ray diffraction showed that the “wet” form of DNA presented the form of a helix. She also specified the amount of water that was to be found in the molecule, and data that showed the stability of the molecules. Her theory was that all DNA was a helical structure, but did not want to speak up until she had sufficient information to state that her theory was right. Maurice Wilkins, Watson and Cricks professor, disliked the fact that a

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