Essay on Drug Classes and Their Effects on The Human Body
Stimulants are a class of drug that elevate mood, increase feeling of well being and increase energy and alertness. There are many different kinds of stimulants such as cocaine, methamphetamine, MDMA (better known as ecstasy,) caffeine, and nicotine. …show more content…
Some of the short term effects of stimulants include increased body temperature, heart rate, and blood pressure. Stimulants can also cause the blood vessels to narrow which constricts the flow of blood. This may cause the heart to work harder to pump blood through the body.
Depressants are a drug classified to slow down the normal function of the central nervous system. Depressants can come in many forms such as, pills, powders, and liquids. Depressants are commonly used to reduce anxiety, induce sleep, and lower inhibitions. Some of the effects of depressants are slowed breathing, drowsiness, lower blood pressure, fatigue, and much more. The biggest depressant is alcohol.
Alcohol is the most widely used and most abused drug in the world. Alcoholism is a disease that many people suffer from and have trouble admitting. Even with very little alcohol, it may impair judgment and coordination required to safely drive a car or operate machinery. Large amounts of alcohol can lead to dizziness, slurred speech, and in many cases vomiting. “Hangovers” are cause by consuming large amounts of alcohol, and symptoms may include headache, nausea, dizziness, and fatigue. Using alcohol over a long period of time may lead to several types of cancer, permanent damage to vital organs, and high blood pressure. Mothers who drink alcohol during pregnancy may give birth to infants with fetal