DuBois and Black Nationalism Essays

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DuBois and Black Nationalism

The Epigraph:      “The colored people are coming to face the fact quite calmly that most white Americans do not like them, and are planning neither for their survival, nor their definite future”      W.E.B. DuBois “A Negro Nation within the Nation”

The Premise:      Black Nationalism is a pragmatic solution for the success and survival of the oppressed African Americans.

The Argument:
Black Nationalism is defined by Karenga, as the political belief and practice of African Americans as a distinct people with a distinct historical personality who politically should develop structures to define, defend, and develop the interests of
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Another factor in the economical status of the Black people was the introduction of mass production, new methods and machinery. This caused the loss of many of the jobs being held by the Black men, “Negroes are now restricted more and more to common labor and domestic service of the lowest paid and worst kind.” The already bad situation became worse when the Depression arrived. Although everyone was affected by the Depression, the Black people were hit the hardest, as DuBois states “in the case of the Negro worker, everything has been worse… the loss has been greater and more permanent.” ( DuBois, 564)

In addition, Black people have always experienced racism. DuBois communicates this problem in the essay “A Negro Nation within the Nation,” “Negro children are systematically denied education;…Once or twice a month Negroes convicted of no crime are openly and publicly lynched, and even burned….When a man with every qualification is refused a position simply because his great-grandfather was black there is not a ripple of comment or protest”( DuBois, 563)

To survive these conditions, and defend themselves against racism, exploitation and oppression, Black people formed social relationships within their community, which centered mainly around the church. They fought back with Black unity, the belief that Blacks should come together to fight against their exploitation, oppression, and discrimination.
DuBois’s nationalism circulates around three main

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