Essay on Effects of the Bluetongue Virus on Cattle

875 Words 4 Pages
Normally, cows in Northern Europe in places such as Denmark live normal lives simply grazing on grass, and existing. However, there have been recent changes that have disrupted this normal activity. Generally the bluetongue virus (spread by Culicoides imicola, a biting midge) has been confined to Southern Europe and other places around the Mediterranean. But with the increase in temperature throughout the area, the midge has been allowed to migrate northward. This new pest is a nuisance and causes lots of difficulties to farmers in the area. When a cow contracts this disease, they usually also receive oral ulcers, salivation, stiffness, fever and eventually the inevitable- death (Merck Veterinary Manual NP). Because of the increase …show more content…
If every farm in Northern Europe had to deal with this, it would present a serious problem to their economy. Many countries, whose main source of income is from dairy farming, would then be threatened by losing much of their major profit. In addition, an added twenty days to the calving index is also devastating. It would slow down the whole speed of production at the farm and also would ultimately lead to a lower income. This could be destructive to a single person’s business and eventually the entire nation’s economy. Most importantly, they would lose their ability to contend in the competitive world markets. If the country’s exports begin to decrease and less money is brought in, then there would certainly be a dismal future ahead. With the current spread of the virus into Northern Europe, what is there to say that there might not be an additional spread to other countries such as the United States? With the more favorable conditions in states such as California, there is always a possibility that an infected cow can come and spread disease throughout the area. Recent statistics have been published concluding that just that may happen. Out of the cattle imported throughout the United States 6.3 percent were tested positive for the virus, whereas the number was exponentially larger with a 49.9 of the cattle positive in the state of California (Hoar et. al. 86). With such a high rate of infection, a farmer can never fully

Related Documents