English Settlers of the Chesapeake Region and New England Essay

899 Words 4 Pages
English Settlers of the Chesapeake Region and New England

Although New England and the Chesapeake region were both settled largely by

people of English origin, by 1700 the regions had evolved into two distinct societies.

As English settlements in North America began to progress, social, economical, and

religious ideas divided the English immigrants. The settlers journeyed to North America

to meet their individual needs and beliefs. Whether they were fleeing to become wealthy

or to escape religious pressures; all of these settlers came attempting to improve their

lifestyles. The Chesapeake region and New England settlements proved how two English

settlements could have differing societies. English
…show more content…
“ Captain John Smith commented: The worst

(among us were the gold seekers who) with their golden promises made all men their

slaves in hope of recompenses. There was no talk …but ..dig gold, wash gold , refine

gold, load gold. (Document F)” This obsession with gold led to the “Starving Time”.

While everyone was in search of gold, others were dieing due to starvation and disease.

Private property was not granted, hence food was not planted or harvested. This flaw in

priorities also expresses another reason why women were needed in the Chesapeake

region. Perhaps if more women were present, the males’ priorities would incorporate

their family life instead of hopeless searches for gold. However, the region’s success

grew when John Rolfe began growing tobacco in 1613. Rolfe scientifically developed a

smoother tobacco, which caused England to go “Tobacco Mad”. This innovation

extended success in the European markets and aided the Virginia population. Also,

Virginia advanced when private property was later permitted, and once indentured

slaves were given opportunities to become free. Another Virginia improvement was the

development of a representative democracy, which enabled landowners to vote for

representatives, specifically in the House of Burgesses.

Life for the early New England settlers differed far greatly than that of the

Chesapeake region. Pure water and milder

Related Documents