Essay about Evaluation of the Hundred Days Reform in 1898

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Evaluation of the Hundred Days Reform in 1898

China faced a series of defeat since the First Anglo-Chinese War. After being defeated by Japan in the Sino-Japanese War in 1895, foreign imperialism accelerated as the weaknesses of the Qing government were increasingly evident to the foreign powers. The political-conscious intellectuals now regarded reform not of academic interest but boiling urgency. The programs of the Hundred Days Reform were not too idealistic in fact; its failure was due to other factors, such as weaknesses in leadership. Immanuel Tsu remarked “China at 1898 stood at a turning point in history: whereas success of reform could stave off the breakup, failure could mean the
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They also encouraged the construction of railways to facilitate transportation so as to increase trade. These reform programs really aimed at the problems – backward economic development, and were possible to carry out in a favorable reform environment, so it is not justifiable to say they were too idealistic.

Militarily, the reform programs aimed at strengthening the military strength to resist foreign imperialism. The reformers were no longer as idealistic as their forerunners in the previous reform, they understood that military strengthening could never be achieved by merely adopting western guns and canons, more have to be done. They set up military schools and set up a new army and navy trained by western methods. They had more foresight in the modern world and were not all idealistic in the reform.

Socially different reform programs tried to tackle various problems in education, social aspect, etc. Modern schools which combined Chinese and Western learning were set up, more students were sent abroad to study, the eight-legged essay was abolished, an imperial university was set up in Beijing. People were allowed to petition to the Emperor directly. They were given the right to

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