Essay on Exploring China's One-Child Policy

913 Words 4 Pages
The People's Rights vs. The Governments Responsibility

What Led Up Plus Population Control Under Mao The origin of the policy can date back to the 1950s, a year after Mao Zedong (1893-1976) became chairmen of the new "People's Republic of China." Seeing they were a country in need of growth, Mao believed birth control was a capitalist plot to weaken the country and make it vulnerable to attack. He thought "every mouth comes with two hands attached," and "An army of the people is invincible." He condemned birth control and banned the import of contraceptives. Over time the liabilities of a large, rapidly growing population soon became apparent. While at the same time, Mao was busy trying to boost the economy of china, though some
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The program is stated as completly involuntary, but is strictly controlled. . Family Planning Officials are the ones who are responsible for accomplishing authoritie among the general public. Under the one-child program, a sophisticated system rewarded those who observed the policy and penalized those who did not. Couples with only one child were given a "one-child certificate" entitling them to such benefits as cash bonuses, longer maternity leave, better child care, preferential housing assignments, etc. In return, they were required to pledge that they would not have more children. In the countryside, there was great pressure to adhere to the one-child limit because the rural population accounted for approximately 60 percent of the total. The effectiveness of the one-child policy in rural areas was considered the key to the success or failure of the program as a whole.The one-child policy (when only allowed to have one child without limits) actually only covers about 35 percent of Chinese, mostly those living in urban areas.
In the cities, it's accepted as a necassery evil; in the countryside, it's met with wide resistence. more:
The Outcome more: Boys vs. Girls=
The traditional thinking is best described in the ancient "Book of Songs" (1000-700 B.C.)
"When a son is born,
Let him sleep on the bed,
Clothe him with fine clothes,
And give him jade to play...
When a daughter is born,
Let her sleep on the ground,
Wrap

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