Fallicies: The Ad Hominem Fallacy Essay

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Different forms of reasoning exist. All reasoning may not be a result of sound judgment or reasonable logic (Woodard, G. & Denton R., 2014, p. 93). Others may be based on premises that are just false, unethical or lack basic common sense (Woodard et al., 3014, p. 92). Theorist identified these forms of poor reasoning as “fallacies” (Woodard et al., 2014, p. 93). This type of logic is commonly associated with aggressive communication such as disagreements between individuals or may just come from a dishonest individual (Woodard et al., 2014, p. 93). It is not always easy to be of the same mind. Furthermore, individuals communicating with different points of view or passion may be highly susceptible to employ bad logic (Woodard et al, …show more content…
For example, this type of faulty logic and reasoning takes place when comments uttered as a debate become a personal assault targeting an individual not their point of view (Larson, C., 2013, p. 245). This type of communication is misdirected and aimed at the individual not their assumptions in an insensitive and cynical manner (Woodard et al., 2014, p. 94). The intent is to avert focus from the validity of the dispute to purported character deficiencies of the individual (Woodard et al., 2014, p. 94). And to cause the target receiver to respond in a pre-determined way based on the persuader’s putative characteristics or oppositional view (Larson, C., 2013, p. 245). This common fallacy referred to as “mudslinging” erupts in the political arena (Larson, C., 2013, p. 245). For example, Richard Nixon was reported by former aide as making behind the scene vile personal attacks against his strong opposition (Woodard et al., 2014, p. 94). Notably, studies found the ad hominem as strategic maneuvers in “real life situations” can appear reasonable “when it mimics . . . legitimate critical reactions to authority argumentation (van Eemeren, F. H., Garssen, B., & Meuffels, B.,2012, p. 363). This conceals the irrational nature of the ad hominem fallacy. Another form of illogical reasoning is false cause logic (Woodard et al., 2014, p. 94).
The false cause logic occurs when individuals erroneously believe a cause and effect interdependent relationship exists

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