What comes to mind when thinking about the phrase “ghost” stories? For many interested in items of pop culture, the visual interpretations of ghost stories that capture the horror and psychological thrilling motives like the movies Poltergeist, The Ring, or Paranormal Activity often find mention. These movies gain viewers because they lend a reference that demonstrates both their ability to become infamously loved and also make people terrified. Many of these same people also love these “ghost” stories because of their explanations of what happens to someone’s spirit after they die. The various interpretations offer a vast expanse of discussion on ghosts in media. The haunting of these spirits within movies may work well to scare
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Collegiate level professors use each of these pieces as foundational cornerstones within the British and American introductory literature classes across the United States. Within each novel, students learn to find a foundation for the ghost stories that come from more contemporary authors around the world.
Although both of these works are crucial to the foundation of successful ghost literature in the transnational context, there is the issue that each was published before 1900. This simple fact demonstrates an issue with the idea about how much either of these authors would have known about other types of ghosts non-Caucasian cultures believed in when writing their works. Along with the spiritual beliefs, there is also the issue of race to consider. When looking at the fact that both Shakespeare and James were Caucasian men writing about Caucasian families in their works, it is easy to ask how one begins to apply these ideas, situations, and reactions to works by non-white authors. Let alone, how does it apply to the works and authorship of women writers? These obvious facts create a serious problem when trying to connect their relevance to works by non-white authors.
Within the realm of contemporary literature in America, the ghost character has taken on many forms and is used in various ways