History of the Haiku and Analysis of " Voice of the Cicada" Essay
Poetry doesn’t always require numerous sentences and paragraphs to portray true meaning or feeling; sometimes, only a few sentences are what is truly necessary to express the emotional state or spirit of the poet. One type of poetry that uses the less is more is the Japanese Haiku.
In writing a proper or traditional Haiku, word choice and placement are key, due to its three underlying rules. Of which are; firstly, the Haiku must only be three lines; secondly, the Haiku as a whole must consist of seventeen syllables; thirdly, of the seventeen syllables, the first five syllables are in the first sentence, the next seven syllables in the second sentence, and the last five syllables in the third sentence.
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From this Tanka poetry, other forms of poetry were developed, one of the popular ones being the Haikai or chain of linked verse poems. Of which, consisted of a beginning triplet called the Hokku. In these poems the Hokku was considered the most important part of the poem. In principal it had two requirements; a seasonal word and a “cutting word’ or exclamation.
Of the many poets who wrote Haikais, Matsuo Basho stands out because he started to add a new sensitivity to the Hokku portion of the poem. In turn, he transformed the poetic Hokku portion in to its own independent poem, later to be known as a Haiku. Of the work written by Basho, it mostly focused on the feelings that scenes made him feel, completely abandoning the traditional syllabic nature of the Hokku.
Basho was born in the city of Ueno in 1644. He was born to a family of lower samurai who were in service to the Todo family. At a very early age Bansho started to study writing as a companion to the Todo family heir, Yahsida. The two became very good friends and studied art and linked verses of poetry together. At the age of 25 Yashida died, leaving Basho in extreme grief.
Through this grief, Basho, requested that his service to the Todo family be