Essay on Homelessness in Public Schools

948 Words 4 Pages
In the United States nationwide public schools are faced with dilemmas. The choices schools make has to be effective, serve the students, and have the best outcome. Well known problems such as bullying, special educational needs, budget cuts, new standards, and job cuts. Some of the problems are well known to the public while other problems are left in the background. According to the National Association for the Education of Homeless Children and Youth (NAEHCY) reported that the U.S. Department of Education collected data stating “during the 2008-2009 school year that 954,914 homeless children and youth were enrolled in public schools.” This problem affects the child socially, mentally, and most importantly academically. The …show more content…
The National Center on Family Homelessness simply breaks down the foundation of this problem. “Citing the effects of the economic downturn, including foreclosure, job layoffs, rising food and fuel prices, and inadequate supplies of low cost housing” (Bowman et al.’s, p. 7). Students who are homeless their lives are impacted by many factors. “Harm to well being”– that makes up physical, emotional, social damage. “Growth at of risk factors” – including, unhealthy conditions, malnutrition, inadequate medical care, and lack of parental support (Murphy. Tobin, 2011, p. 33). The barrier of homelessness also makes it very hard for the student to enrolled into schools, have no transportation, little or no school supplies, and dealing with hunger (NAEHCY, 2011). “When these barriers are not addressed, homeless children and youth often are unable to attend, or even enroll in school, which prevents them from obtaining the education that is both their legal right and their best hope of escaping poverty as adults” (NAEHCY,2011, p. 2). An act that all public schools most follow in the United States is the “The McKinney- Vento Act of 1987: that requires that state and local educational agencies provide students experiencing homelessness with access to school and support for their attendance and success” (W&B School of Education, 2012, p.1).This basically enforced the right of the homeless child to enroll into any school district, be accepted with little documentation, and

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