Essay on Industrial Organizational Psychology
Once the war concluded the U.S. Bureau of Salesmanship Research, a center for studying the applications of psychology to business, was established at the Carnegie Institute of Technology (Industrial/Organizational psychology, n.d.). The new center was funded extensively by the life insurance industry for the purpose of conducting research for the selection and development of clerical and executive personnel as well as sales people (Industrial /Organizational psychology, n.d.).
The year 1924 brought about a new direction that was headed up by the Hawthorne experiments, named dually by the Western Electric Company’s Hawthorne plant located in Chicago where the studies were conducted (McCarthy, 2002.). The experiments were originally conceived in order to test the optimal level of illumination necessary for workers to produce telephone equipment (Industrial /Organizational psychology, n.d.). It was predetermined from this test “the one-best-way” would become known, however researchers learned that the level of productivity increased after each change in lighting regardless of how