“(33) Oh the depth of the riches of the wisdom / and knowledge of God!
How unsearchable his judgments,/ and his paths beyond tracing out! /
(34) ‘Who has known the mind of the Lord? / Or who has been his counselor?’ / (35) ‘Who has ever given to God / that God should repay them?’ / (36) For from him and through him and for / him are all things. / To him be the glory forever! Amen.
(12:1)Therefore, I urge you, brothers and sisters, in view of God’s mercy, to offer your bodies as a living sacrifice, holy and pleasing to God – this is your true and proper worship. (2)Do not conform to the pattern of this world but be transformed by the renewing of your mind. Then you will be able to test and approve what God’s will is – his good, pleasing
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In verse 34, Paul quotes Isaiah 40:13 – “Who can fathom the Spirit of the LORD or instruct the LORD as his counselor.” The answer to this question is no one. This may be thought in Isaiah to be a praising of God for the deliverance of the Israelites out of captivity and the wilderness.1 On the other hand, one may believe Paul to be writing of God’s salvation in Christ through whom we are freed from our bondage of sin.2 How then are we given such an incredible gift for such a high price that was paid for our redemption when we fail repeatedly the one who gave such a sacrifice? This can be answered by God in Isaiah 55:8 – “For my thoughts are not your thoughts, neither are my ways your ways.” Verse 35 is a quotation from Job 41:11, although phrased in a different way. The Lord said to Job, “Who has a claim against me that I must pay? Everything under heaven belongs to me.” The question Paul asks can be answered by saying that God’s blessings and mercies are given to us freely and not by a count of our good deeds. Verse 36 closes the doxology with a final acclamation of the greatness of our God who is the foundation of our faith, our eternal rock that will never crumble, and our source of life. We are completely dependent on God and everything we have is given through him.
Chapter 12 continues and insists that because we are followers of Christ,