Martin Luther Essay

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      Martin Luther and the Break With Rome

     Martin Luther began as a simple Augustinian Friar in the Roman Catholic Church, the reigning power of Western Europe for hundreds of years, and he soon became the leader of the most important stand against the Catholic Church. I call Luther’s actions a stand rather than a revolt because he did not willingly mean to disrespect the entire church or even start a new denomination of Christianity, he was only trying to bring truth to it. Luther published writings such as The Ninety-five Theses, Address to the Christian Nobility of the German Nation and A Treatise on Christian Liberty, all which produced outrage in the Church for the fact that it
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“I now intend, by the help of God, to throw some light upon the wiles and wickedness of these men.” In the document he states that in order to be victorious against the devilish clergy they must not rely on their own might more than God because He will help them. This statement is symbolic of Luther’s belief that the only truth is the Word of God and the most important factor of Christianity is one’s faith in God.

Luther then goes on to describe the Three Walls of the Romanists, and he explains, “The Romanists...have built three walls around them...that no one has been able to reform them and this has been the cause of terrible corruption throughout all Christendom.” These laws deal with temporal power, interpretation of the Scriptures, and the calling of councils. Luther argues against the first wall explaining that all Christians have spiritual power and this is given to them through baptism, contrary to the Church belief that only the clergy can hold spiritual power and that laymen only have temporal power. But in reality spiritual power is attained by whom ever chooses to practice it and every man has that right. Against the second wall, which states that only the pope has the power to interpret the Scripture, he argues that this cannot be right because, “They assume for themselves sole authority, and with insolent

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