Essay on Military Technology of the Civil War

1014 Words 5 Pages
The Civil War is known as the deadliest and bloodiest war of the 19th and 18th century. The reason being is that there were so many new ways of killing more people and finding a more efficient and resourceful way of doing it.
The biggest change in the war was the way the rifle took on so many changes. The rifle before the war that was most commonly used was the 1795 Springfield Arsenal musket, it was a smooth bore muzzle loader.
The Springfield rifle before the Civil War was a heavy weapon that was highly inaccurate to distances of more than 75- 100 yards. The main reason for the Rifle's inaccuracy was the fact that the barrel of the rifle didn't have rifling. Rifling is grooves in the barrel of a firearm that makes the bullet spin and
…show more content…
long. It fired a 350 grain bullet. It also had a magazine capable of holding 7 rounds.
The Spencer was slow to be accepted by the Union Army. In order for the rifle to be accepted there had to be a demonstration done to prove the rifle was worth it's weight. For Christopher to make his point he buried the rifle while loaded and then submersed it in salt water and then surfaced it to begin shooting rapid fire. The Navy was so impressed that they ordered 700 of them and so word quickly spread of this new technology of a repeating rifle. The pistol also had many changes to it's design from the beginning of the war to the end of the war.
The most commonly used pistol in the Civil War by either side was the Colt 1860 Army or the Colt 1851 Navy.
The Colt 1860 Army was ironically carried more often by Navy soldiers than by Army soldiers. The 1860 was around 3 pounds in weight and had a 7 and a half inch barrel. Out of 6 shots you were often very lucky to get 5 of them to shoot. The reason being is that there was more to go wrong with a cap and ball than there was that could go wrong with a self contained cartridge. Around 200,000 of these weapons were manufactured during a 10 year period most of them during the war.
The Colt 1851 Navy was also more ironically carried more by the Army than the Navy to battle. The Colt 1851 had a 7 and a half inch long barrel and weighed around 3 pounds. Around 250,000 of these guns were made during the war.

Related Documents