Mohandas Ghandi Essay

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Mohandas “Mahatma” Gandhi

Mohandas Gandhi was easily one of the greatest political leaders of the twentieth century, yet he had no power what so ever. He was just a man, who influenced a non-violent revolt to gain India’s independence. Unfortunately after India did gain their independence, the struggle was not over. Gandhi was still in no form of power, and only was an adviser. As he had struggled throughout his life for India, been imprisoned for many years for India, it is interesting how on the evening of one of his usual prayers, an Indian waits in the crowd to kill him. On January 30th 1948, Bapu (Sanskrit for “father” commonly used with Gandhi and the “father of India”) was shot and killed, while having his nightly public walk.
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As he reached the end it is said that he reached down to the ground, picked up some salt and sprinkled it into the wind. He said “With this I am shaking the foundations of the British Empire”2 The Salt March was to defy the British Raj, and to show that Indians were not going to stand for being taxed unfairly on their salt, which was a large part in their Indian diet. “Under the Salt Act of 1882, the British government allowed only government-controlled salt depots to collect and manufacture salt.”3 This outraged Gandhi, so he wanted to execute a non-co operational and peaceful resistance against the British Empire, by making their own salt. This march showed the people the true power of Gandhi, that Gandhi wanted to gain India’s independence, and that he wasn’t afraid of the British Empire.

The Salt March was a great success but the British Empire refused to budge. The people began to call him Mahatma Gandhi, Mahatma meaning “great soul”. He arranged that India would have a “ordered anarchy”, the Quit India campaign. Where the entire nation of followers would begin non-co operative disobedience, without the use of violence. These peaceful uprisings in the past, had been called off before due to an outbreak of individual violence , but Gandhi declared to the British government that if individual acts of violence occurred, he would not call off this “ordered anarchy”. Mahatma was imprisoned in 1942 along with his wife and his committee of followers. His wife and a

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