Pancreas Essay

1021 Words 5 Pages
Pancreas

Name and Functions

The part I researched, which has only one name, is the pancreas. The pancreas is an organ that produces digestive juices necessary to break down food. It also produces insulin and glucagons. Insulin and glucagons are two hormones needed to break down sugar and to regulate our metabolism. The pancreas provides a lot of power to the body. For example, it allows you to eat many foods and allows your body to feed your cells the energy they need. It also allows you to exercise without decreasing your blood sugar. As you can see the pancreas has a lot of jobs, without the pancreas it would be difficult to live.

Organization in the Body

If you didnft have a pancreas you would have to give yourself
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Scattered throughout the pancreas lie small groups special of cells, which are called the islets of Langerhans. These cells send the hormones directly into the bloodstream. There are several types of isles cells, for example alpha cells, and beta cells. Insulin is produced by beta cells.
Throughout the bloodstream insulin travels to cells. It gives the ability to take glucose from the body. Glucose is a simple sugar, which is the main source of energy for cells. If the body makes too little sugar a disease called diabetes is formed. The alpha cells contain secrete glucagon. Glucagon makes the liver release glucose. Glucose and insulin act as a team to maintain glucose at a safe level. In conclusion Cells main energy is glucose. When exercising cells use up glucose, when glucose is low the liver forms more, insulin helps cells consume it to use as energy. To survive without the pancreas you would have to give yourself hypodermic shots daily.

Medical Conditions

Diabetes is a disease that is triggered by the pancreas. There are three types of diabetes, Type 1, Type 2, and gestational diabetes. Type one is usually diagnosed in children, this happens when the pancreas cannot produce insulin. 10% of Organisms with diabetes have Type 1. Type 2 is when your body doesnft produce enough insulin, or when the body does not use the insulin properly. Type 2 usually develops on adults.

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