Political Satire in Animal Farm by George Orwell Essay
The book Animal Farm was written by George Orwell. It is a political satire written to parallel communist Russia. Every event and character in the book has a parallel in history to the events and characters that make up the communist revolution. Characters in the book such as Old Major and Napoleon, parallel leaders like Lenin and Stalin. The book, like the communist revolution, contained many good and bad examples of leadership. Animal Farm takes place on a small fictional farm in England called "Manor Farm." The animals on the farm include, dogs, a cat, ducks, pigs, horses, a donkey, and even field mice, pigeons, and a crow. On the farm the animals are hard working and …show more content…
At first everything seems to go well on the farm. The two most prominent leaders of the animals begin to make rules for the animals to follow. Napoleon and Snowball, who parallel the leadership of Stalin and Trotsky, begin to take over the leadership roles on the farm. The main theme of Animal Farm starts to become evident here. It is that in every society and organization, including the army or any business in the civilian world, leaders will likely abuse their power. This happened in communist Russia when Stalin eventually fought Trotsky for control of the government. Over time Stalin gained more support and had Trotsky banished from Russia. Under Stalin the Russian people were oppressed further despite his claims of freedom and liberty for those who cooperated.
The same thing happens in Animal Farm. Napoleon and Snowball begin competing with each other over issues on the farm. Napoleon eventually forces Snowball to flee after calling him a traitor to the animal's cause. He gains influence over the other animals on the farm and begins to abuse his power. This is evident when he moves into farmer Jones' house, sleeps in his bed, and even wears his clothes. These were all things that Napoleon and the other pigs had deemed illegal for animals to do. Napoleon and the