Essay on Pros and Cons of Weight Reducing Diets

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Pros and Cons of Weight Reducing Diets

The article “Health Advantages and Disadvantages of
Weight-Reducing Diets: A Computer Analysis and
Critical Review” outlines eight diets that were examined and how the researchers and doctors looked at the potential long term effects of each one. The diets examined were Atkins, Protein Power, Sugar
Busters, Zone, ADA Exchange, High-Fiber Fitness,
Pritikin and Ornish. The research team created formulas using computer software, menu plans with recommended snacks and looking at the food pyramid to estimate coronary heart disease (a disease of the heart and arteries that blocks blood flow to the heart). They found that diets high in protein and fat, protein being a
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The Protein Power diet, which is similar to Atkins, restricts your carbohydrates to no more than 30 grams a day. The Sugar Busters diet stresses that calories aren’t as important as what we eat, just so long as it is low in sugar. The Zone diet promotes a regime of 30% protein, 40% carbohydrates, and 30% fat at each meal. The ADA
Exchange Diet stresses 50-55% carbohydrates, 10-20% protein, and less than 30% calories from fat. The
High-Fiber Fitness Plan advocates generous amounts of vegetables, fruits, and high-fiber carbohydrates with a restriction on fat intake. The Pritikin diet advocates 80% carbohydrates (high-complex carbohydrates), 10-15% protein, and 5-10% fat. The
Ornish diet is a vegetarian plant-based diet that is low in fat.

The researchers then formulated a diet plan for all three diets. They used a 1,600 calorie limit and based each menu plan selection on that specific diet.
Even snack foods and foods that are off limits were listed on the plan. “Free foods” are snacks you can eat on the diets that don’t count towards weight gain. All possible “free foods” were listed on the diet plan. Although, each “free food” per diet was different, Atkins “free food” was fish, eggs, and cheese. Diets such as Pritikin and Ornish’s “ free food” were vegetables. Nutrient analysis was then formulated using a mathematical equation to test the
cholesterol

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