Essay about Psychology in Julius Caesar

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The Psychological Approach analyzes characters based on Freud’s conception of the human psyche-- id, ego, superego-- as well as relationships and conflicts within the story. In Julius Caesar, Shakespeare develops Marc Antony and Brutus using these two methods; Marc Antony convinces the town people to revolt by controlling his id and ego, while Brutus is developed as honorable through his relationship with Cassius, his reputation, his progression from being manipulated to standing up for himself, and the choices he makes in difficult positions, such as whether or not to kill Caesar After Marc Antony’s speech, he convinces the town people to revolt against the conspirators by controlling ego and not letting his id overrun him. “The id is …show more content…
Brutus and Cassius have a very complicated relationship. “[Cassius] loves Brutus, but he also manipulates Brutus. Nonetheless, Brutus's friendship is more important to him than anything else. Ultimately, it [becomes] even more important than victory and the republican cause… Cassius sacrificed the fate of Rome three times for his friendship with Brutus” (Heller). Cassius’s willingness to manipulate Brutus makes Brutus seem like a weak character, but when he takes charge of the conspiracy and convinces them not to kill Antony as well, “[his] will prevails again and again” (O’Dair). Their relationship is also like a rollercoaster, one minute they’re getting along perfectly well, and then the next they’re disagreeing. For example, before the final battle, Brutus and Cassius argue over battle tactics, and the debate turns into an immature argument involving name calling. They argue for a long time and neither of them wants to admit the superiority of the other. Eventually, Cassius agrees to go along with Brutus’s plan, and they begin to apologize to each other. Soon, they start to argue again. The up and down relationship contributes to Brutus’s characterization because it shows that he’s willing to stand up for what he believes in, but he also regrets saying hurtful things to his brother.
Brutus’s is faced with difficult situations, and the decisions he makes in those situations show that he is

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