Psychology Essay

1538 Words 7 Pages
Psychology is the investigation of the mind and how it processes and directs our thoughts, actions and conceptions. However, in 1879 Wilhelm Wundt opened the first psychology laboratory at the University of Leipzig in Germany. Nevertheless, the origins of psychology go all the way back thousands of years starting with the early Greeks. This foundation is closely connected to biology and philosophy; and especially the subfields of physiology which is the study of the roles of living things and epistemology, which is the study of comprehension and how we understand what we have learned. The connection to physiology and epistemology is often viewed as psychology, which is the hybrid offspring of those two fields of investigation. It was not …show more content…
The relevance of innate ideas had great influence on empiricists and associationist, which would be useful in the progress of psychology. Derived ideas are produced from external factors, which depend upon the experiences of the senses. Descartes mind and body theory influenced many of his contemporaries to discard the thinking of the mind working independently of the body. The view of the mind and body with his knowledge of physiology influenced other concepts such as the proposal on how external motions affect nerve fibrils (Unknown author, 2011). These articulations led to the founding of the reflex theory, which became of great use to psychology. Descartes work on mechanization had impact on behaviorism. The concept of the brain being the most important organ heavily influenced the theories of Sigmund Freud. Descartes work is still prevalent today and can be seen in the field of neuropsychology. Philosophy laid the foundation for the application of scientific method to be used for the study of mental functioning. Gustav Fechner, Helmholtz and Weber aided in understanding the full potential of implementing philosophy to psychology. Gustav Theodor Fechner, born in 1801 performed experiments which founded the formal start of experimentation psychology. His work is still the foundation of the new psychology (New world encyclopedia,

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