Responsibility To Protect Essay
1) The right intention, which stresses that the primary purpose of the military intervention, must be to halt or avert human suffering.
2) Last resort: this means that the use of force (military intervention) can only be undertaken when all the non-military options for the prevention or peaceful resolution of the crisis have been explored.
3) Proportional means: this principle indicates that the scale, the duration, as well as the intensity of the military intervention to be conducted should be the minimum necessary to secure the objective of human protection.
4) Reasonable prospects: to achieve the objective of human protection, there must be a reasonable chance of success in halting or averting the suffering of civilians justifying the intervention, with the consequences of the intervention not to be worse than the consequences of non-intervention (inaction).
Third and most importantly, the R2P defines the “Just Cause Threshold” justifying the military intervention. The threshold for the use of force is that there must be serious and irreparable harm occurring to human beings, or imminently to occur, of such kinds as: i) a large scale loss of life, actual or likely to occur, with genocidal intent or not, from either a deliberate state action, or state neglect or inability to act, or a failed situation; or ii) a large scale ethnic