In history, nuclear weapons have been used twice during the closing days of the World War II. The first one was dropped on the 6th of August 1945 on Hiroshima and the second bomb was dropped three days later on Nagasaki. Those bombs have stretched the limits of human imagination with millions of innocent people killed. Fortunately, those are the first two nuclear bombs that were used until now, just yet. Many organizations, many countries, and many people have debated on the pros and cons of nuclear weapons. Some say it's very essential for a country to have nuclear weapons, but some still see it as a major threat to the human race. The fact is even a small nuclear weapon has enough potential to wipe out an entire city. In my opinion, the
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More the number of nuclear weapons made, more are the risks it poses to human life. There are scientific concepts and a long history to make nuclear weapons as they are today. Yet how they are made of is not as important as how they would work. According to Nuclear Age Peace Foundation, the two atomic bombs that the US dropped on Japan created temperatures of 9,000 degrees Fahrenheit and winds of 1,000 miles per hour, killed about 210,000 people immediately. Another 160,000 are estimated to have died over the years from illnesses caused by the radioactive "black rain" that followed. About 100,000 people in Hiroshima suffered torturous deaths from severe burns; their skin peeled away from their flesh; their eyes were melted, leaving empty sockets and about 60,000 died from lethal doses of radiation (Marnarella, 507). Both cities were largely contaminated and destroyed. These are just the damages of the first two bombs 66 years ago. Today, with the higher technology, the nuclear weapons are eight to forty times even more potent than the first two.
Moreover, maintaining the nuclear bombs is expensive. The Carnegie Endowment report in January 2009 shows that the United States spent over $52 billion on nuclear weapons and related programs in 2008 for the first time. The current nine countries that possess nuclear weapons are US, Russia, India, China, UK, France, Israel, Pakistan and North Korea. How many of them have the strong economy and firm finance