Sigmund Freud Essay

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Sigmund Freud
(1856-1939)

Sigmund Freud was born on May 6, 1856 in Freiberg (now Pribor, Czech Republic). Freud was educated at Vienna University. Then him and his family moved to Leipzig from the anti-Semitic riots. His ambition in his childhood had been a career in law but then he decided to be medical student before he entered to Vienna University in 1873. After this he desire to study natural science and to solve challenging problems that confronted contemporary scientist. In his three year at Vienna University Freud began his research in central nervous system in the physiological lab under the direction of German Physician Ernst Wilhelm Von Brucke.

In 1881 after completing a year compulsory military service he receive
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His work was presented in 1893 in preliminary paper, and two years later in expanded form under the title Studies on Hysteria. In his work the symptoms of hysteria were ascribed to manifestations of undischarged emotional energy associated with forgotten psychic traumas. The publication of this work marked the beginning of psychoanalytic theory taken from the basis of clinical observations.
Freud during the period of 1895 to 1900 he developed the concepts that were later incorporated into psychoanalytic practice and doctrine. In psychoanalysis, Freud sought to eliminate neurotic symptoms by bringing the individual’s repressed fantasies, memories, and emotions into consciousness. After publishing the studies on hysteria he abandoned the use of hypnosis as a cathartic procedure and substituted the investigation of the patients spontaneous flow of thoughts, called free association, to reveal the unconscious mental processes at the root of the neurotic disturbance. In his clinical observations found evidence for the mental mechanisms of repression and resistance. He described repression as a device operating unconsciously to make the memory of painful or threatening events inaccessible to the conscious mind. Freud also placed great value on what could be learned from transference, the patient’s emotional response to the therapist. Freud believed that during therapy, patients transfer repressed feelings toward their family members to

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