Social Change Theories Essay

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Social Change Theories Richard Roberts said, "As long as our social order regards the good of institutions rather than the good of men, so long will there be a vocation for the rebel." Moreover, the theories of functionalism, the conflict theory, and punctuated equilibrium enable rebels to emerge due to their theories' misplaced sense of value. Functionalism, largely influenced by Talcott Parsons, can be interpreted in several ways, creating the different versions of functionalism such as biocultural functionalism and structural-functionalism, which have different main aspects of belief. Bicultural functionalism expresses the belief that because of physiological needs social institutions were created in order to fulfill these needs. …show more content…
He (Parsons) analyzed the operation and interchanges of structures and processes within and between system levels taking into consideration these basic requisites" (Porth. Web. N.p.). It is believed that functionalism was created as a ideology to be contrary and replace other "outdated ideologies" (Porth. Web. N.p.). Functionalism is sometimes believed to be an outgrowth of the evolutionary theory. However where the evolutionary theory focuses upon the structures of the mind, functionalism focuses upon the relation of the the mind's mental processes upon behavior ("Functionalism." Web. N.p.). "Functionalists presented their theoretical and methodological approaches as an attempt to expand sociocultural inquiry beyond the bounds of the evolutionary conception of social history" (Porth. Web. N.p.). Though functionalism was a prominent theory of America in the 1950s and 1960s, the swell of criticism towards the theory triggered its deterioration in the early 1970s. At its founding, functionalism accepted by many partly because value was given to "social institutions" in the functionalist analysis, by not only considering them as custom, but instead as an important part of the social system. Even with its decline in popularity, it is still influences anthropologists and contributes to the theories of culture today. Overall, functionalism came to fall due to the accused flaw that it does

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