Social Psychology Essays

1935 Words 8 Pages
Prayer, Weight Stigmatization, and Scientific Faith and their Social Psychology
The ironic effects of weight stigma In summary, this experiment evaluated the extent to which exposure to negative sentiment toward obesity, a social identity threat, affects that person’s subsequent calorie intake, confidence, and self-reported self-efficacy for controlling their diet. The experimenters’ hypothesis, based on research done previously, was that exposure to weight-stigmatizing would “cause overweight individuals, but not non-overweight individuals to: (1) consume more calorie-rich snack foods, (2) feel less able to control their diet and (3) be more concerned about being a target of weight stigma” (Major et al., 75). That is to say that the
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They each completed online surveys to determine whether they considered themselves to be overweight or not, and how they would rate their own self-efficacy for controlling their calorie intake. Without informing the participants that the study was correlated to food in any way, the researchers had the women read an actual news article that explores notions that stigmatize overweight individuals, specifically why employers are reluctant to hire people who are overweight. The participants are then asked to speak about the facts of the article and its implications for five minutes, knowing they are being recorded. Then during a brief unobserved break, the participants sit and watch a brief film and are offered pre-weighed bowls of various types of snack foods. After this ten minute period, the participants took a post-questionnaire. The intent of this method was to collect information about how the overweight women in comparison with non-overweight women in the study responded to exposure to the social identity threat presented by the article they read. The data collected provided information about their calorie intake after the exposure, their level of concern for being a target of weight stigma, and their ability to control their dietary intake. The results were for the most part as hypothesized. Overweight women consumed on average a significantly greater amount of calories than those

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