Essay on The Battle of Midway

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On December 7th 1941, Japanese Planes and submarines attacked the United States Naval base at Pearl Harbor. This event singlehandedly brought the U.S from its then neutral stance in World War Two to a fighting member of the “Allied Powers.” Pearl Harbor was the first of a long series of confrontations between the U.S and the Japanese in an effort to gain control of the Pacific. Unlike the “War in Europe” the Pacific strategy was dominated by naval and aerial battles, with the occasional land-based “Island Hopping” Campaign. As such, one of the most important factors in the war in the pacific was Fleet Size, the more ships a country could send to war, the better. Pearl Harbor was the Japanese’s way of trying to deal with the massive U.S …show more content…
The efforts of Rochefort and other code breakers were imperative in revealing the Japanese plans for a duel attack on Midway and the Aleutian islands. According to Earl Rice, “Few officers under Nimitz affected the outcome at midway more than Commander Rochefort.” More imperative than the code breaking efforts of Rochefort was the fact that the Japanese had no clue that they had been decrypted. In a letter to Admiral Yamamoto, Admiral Nagumo wrote “The enemy is not aware of our plans” (Rice). Another technological advantage that the U.S brought to the battle was the use of radar. The plan for midway as designed by Yamamoto was to send a small group to the Aleutians in order to draw the U.S carriers away from Midway which would make both easy targets. However, thanks to radar technology, the U.S were able to spot Japanese ships and planes much earlier than expected, giving them time to mobilize troops and launch numerous sorties on the Japanese aircraft carriers, both from their own carriers and from the Midway airstrip. The benefit of radar ultimately helped the U.S because not only did they have fixed land-based radar, but unlike the Japanese, they did not have to rely on less-accurate ship based radar (Dunnigan & Nofi). Beyond the technological advancements, the U.S also brought an increased motivation to the Battle of Midway. In a New York Times article, Nimitz commented that Midway was meant to be the “Revenge

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