The Historical Development of Psychology Essay

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The Historical Development of Psychology I am going to be looking at the history of psychology, and by using a few examples try to explain some of the theories that leading psychologists and scientist have concluded in their experiments and scientific studies. Psychology is in fact the study of the mind, how it works and what effect it has upon an individuals thoughts and general functions, the processes of the mind will never be fully understood but there has been a great breakthrough over many years, although the mind has many parts in which we will never truly understand.

The first example I am going to look at is behaviourism, Wittgenstein(1889-1951) believes what is in the mind as “over
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There is also psychoanalytic perspective in which Freuds(1856-1938) theory on the unconscious mind is a typical example, he believes that you must reach three elements, which are ID, EGO, and Superego which briefly explained are, ID stage, he believes this is our unconscious impulse to seek instant gratification, in a way our selfishness and need for attention from others, this is also known as the Pleasure Principle, there is then the Ego Freud’s reality principle, which is the mediator between the Id and reality what we want and what we have, then the Super ego which suppresses the Id and the Ego, its known as the Guilt principle which is part of our mind that makes us feel guilty for selfish acts. Freud concludes it as the conflict theory: ID= I want biological- instinct, EGO = I can psychological- intelligence, Superego = I ought social/moral – institutional v individual. Freud also believes that from birth we go through Psych Sexual stages which are Oral (birth) the stage at which you start suckling, Anal (2-3) this is associated with the fascination with faeces potty training stage, Genital/phallatic (3-4) where children have a fascination with their genitals, Latenency/forgettfull (5yrs to puberty) where you forget psychosexual

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