The Invention of Writing in World Civilizations by Either Focusing on Mesopotamia and Egypt
Hieroglyphic script could be written in horizontal lines running from right to left or left to right and it also can be written in vertical columns running from top to bottom. In addition to this, there are no punctuation marks or spaces to indicate the divisions between words plus the arrangement of the glyph was solely based on the artistic considerations (Ager, 1998). Besides that, hieroglyphic script could be either carved in hard surface or written in ink where over time, it became more confined to religious texts on temples and monuments or to official royal decrees. Upon seeing these temple and other religious inscriptions, the Greeks called the script hiera grammata", the sacred letters," or ta hieroglyphica", the sacred carved letters (Parsons, no year).
The other form of Egyptian writing is hieratic. Hieratic is an adaptation of the hieroglyphic script i.e. it is a more cursive form of hieroglyphics, the outcomes of signs being simplified by a quickly hand drawing on a sheet of papyrus with a reed brush. Such simplified signs include reduction of common signs to a simple stroke and smaller signs would become mere