The Mediterranean Society of the Greeks and Romans Essay

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If Europe is mentioned today, most minds think of the beautiful countryside, tourist attractions and the artwork displays. While Europe is well-known for these traits, it is also known for the rich history and political backgrounds, two of which are Greece and Rome. These two influential societies have made impacts that can be seen throughout the world today. The Greeks, with their golden age and the Romans, with their great Empire and Republic have instilled cultural benefits both in the ancient times as well as in today’s Western civilization. Before The Greeks became so influential, they had to learn from their mistakes and like many societies, simply trial and error. Around the third millennium B.C.E. (Bentley, et al., 2008) the …show more content…
Rome which was originally ran by a single king, was an empire founded between the eighth and sixth century B.C.E. Later on, Rome ended the monarchy and created a republic which was a form of government in which the delegates represented the interests of various constituencies (Bentley, et al., 2008). Unlike the Greek, the Romans created a forum which was located in the middle of the city and surrounded by temples and public buildings where most of the political business was conducted. As the republic grew, disputes between the wealthy and the poor arose. This led to the seats in the government to be equally filled by both classes of society. As the city grew from a smaller state to a very large one, they moved it to the central peninsula. Like Greece, Rome held multiple cities and strived off of trade by land and by sea. Rome became successful in their trade industry and established complex roads to connect most of the cities. During this time, Gaius Julian Caesar came into power and was one of the leading figures in the transformation of the Roman republic into an imperial form of government, ruled by one dictator (Stearns, n.d.). As time passed, civil war became an issue which threatened the government of Rome. Caesar was later assassinated and his nephew Octavian replaced him. Octavian founded the Augustus administration which was a mere disguise for a monarchy government. The Romans established “Roman Law” which was based on the idea that

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