The Origin of Rome Essay

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The people of Rome developed the last great civilization of the ancient world in the West. They based their culture in the land now known as Italy, but expanded to cover North Africa, much of Western Europe and much of Western Asia. They were to have a significant impact upon Palestine in the two testament eras (Old and New). Around 3000 B.C. tribes from different areas of Europe and Asia formed small towns and farming communities in mountain pockets of the Italian peninsula. The rough shape of the Apennine Mountains allowed many of these small tribes to exist separately. Some of them had migrated to Italy from areas north of the Black and Caspian seas. Historians call these people Indo-Europeans, that is, they came from Europe, …show more content…
Historians call this the Punic civilization. (Packer). About this same time Greece controlled colonies in Sicily, Sardinia, and southern Italy. The Greek territory in Italy was called Magna Graecia or “Greater Greece.” While the Greeks and Phoenicians tried to resist the Persians, they lost their grip on the Mediterranean lands. The city of Rome arose in this political setting. Rome’s birth is clouded in legend. One legend said the Trojan warrior Aeneas founded Rome after the fall of Troy around 1100 B.C. Another legend maintained that two of his descendants, Romulus and Remus, founded Rome around 753 B.C. This would have been while Azariah ruled Judah and Zachariah and Shallum ruled Israel. (Packer) Rome was much like other tribal centers of its time, though it was older. According to tradition, Etruscan kings ruled Rome until unified Latin tribes drove out Tarquinius Superbus, the last king, around 510 B.C. (Penrose) This might have been the time of the completion of the second temple in Jerusalem. This rebellion established the Roman republic. Under this republic, there were two classes of citizens: the Patricians and Plebeians. The Patricians were persons of nobility or higher social rank; Plebeians were people of lower class. The republic assigned two judges to decide civil cases for the Patricians, while the Plebeians elected tribunes to serve as their officials. Rome suffered from the intense class

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