The Work of Ghandi and India's Independence Essay

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The Work of Ghandi and India's Independence

In 1857, the East India Company sailed to India and defeated the Mughal Empire. The British crown took over the Indian government and Britons were sent to live there. This was known as colonialism, those who thought it was a good idea to take over others lands and actually did. One of these lands was India. At the time India was seen a savage land. Missionaries and legislators wanted to stamp out slavery, barbaric punishment and sacrifices. Industrialists wanted raw materials such as gold, diamond and chocolate. They wanted to grow and sell food, which could not be grown at home. The armed forces found the country useful as it could use them to fuel
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The I.N.C believed India should gain dominion status, an independent country within an empire, like Canada. This made independence more likely because a lot of people respected Gandhi and so would follow his lead. He formed Ashrams, small communities where people revived old Indian crafts. This meant less Indians would rely on new British crafts and so the wealth, which Britain thought it would make, would not be so. Gandhi used Satyagraha many a times. Even when faced with fierce policemen with sticks all those who believed in it would simply not fight back. If these harmless Indians were viciously attacked, and this was reported around the world, it would cast the British in a bad light. This meant public opinion would shift on the side of the Indians and so Britain would be pressurised to move out of India.

Gandhi's personal actions such as homespun showed he was not above ordinary Indians. This unified them and in doing so became a greater problem for the British Empire, as they knew they all had the same common problem.

In 1920, Gandhi launched his first civil disobedience campaign, Homespun. He told Indians to weave their own cotton so not to buy British textiles. He encouraged Indians to burn their British made clothes. The cotton, which was grown in India, was sent to Britain to be manufactured then sent back to India for Indians to buy. If nobody bought

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