Three Philosophies of Human Rights Essays

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Essay Choice (1) When choosing their social structures, one must decide whether for the rights of the people, social conditions or for sovereignty. Both Locke and Marx had similar views when it came down to the consent of the people. People want to be free and less oppressed by their superiors and thus anyone in the way would be a problem for their society. In Locke’s view it was the monarchs and aristocrats of the world as for Marx it was the bourgeoisie. The difference between Locke and Marx would be that that have a different conclusion about the nature of humans and the desires for the consenting public. Both of these viewpoints are in stark contrast with that of Machiavelli’s and his advocacy for imperialism. Marx could argue …show more content…
He believes the intrinsic human right for humans should not be tampered nor should the people be treated otherwise justly based on their quality of service. For Marx, work is work no matter how it is done and if one is treated specially for a more demanding position then it will create a class that would feel superior to the others. He answers the questions of skeptics by saying their “hard-won, self-acquired, self-earned property” is only the “groundwork of all personal freedom, activity and independence” (23). This would be a problem because as Marx would put it, as long as there is a more impoverished class or systems of hierarchy there will be conflict between the petty and the prominent. In other words, “society cannot live under the bourgeoisie” because they are killing the beliefs of ones self-rights and that “its existence is no longer compatible with society” (21). Machiavelli understands this and even points it out when he says that people are more selfish than we would want them. A human that is given a higher privilege should fiercely guard this and do what needs to be done to continue this priority of mankind. This defense of human nature is how Machiavelli is in stark contrast with both Locke and Marx. To Machiavelli, the rising power would need to be superior in order to end

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