What´s Cognitive Psychology? Essay

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Cognitive psychology is a very complex study of the mind, brain and the structures that make up the mental processes in individuals. A common question that psychologists attempt to answer in depth is the question that asks how individuals account for the basic events that have occurred and the fundamental capacities humans have. With that said, the fundamental assumption of cognitivism is that psychology needs to appeal to internal cognitive processes to understand intelligent behavior. However, individuals such as eliminative materialist’s and sociobiologist’s arguments continue to debate reasoning that understanding intelligent behaviors doesn’t need to appeal to these processes. Throughout time, many cognitive scientists have …show more content…
In other words, these cognitive processes or behaviors are performed intentionally.
Another cognitive scientist, John Anderson, states “cognitive psychology attempts to understand the nature of human intelligence and how people think” (Flanagan, 1991, p. 179). Anderson’s statement indeed supports the common assumption once again but a question arises. Are functional styles of explanation enough to support it? To explain this assumption, cognitive scientists use design and intentional stances. Design stances can be referred to as a system that can be broken down into smaller parts. It is assumed that each part of the design stance will function correctly so that the system as a whole is functioning correctly. The intentional stance differs from the design stance in that it involves using mental concepts. However, these two stances are oftentimes blended together to account for explanations while validating the desire to understand something. Cognitive scientists don’t find it necessary to describe cognitive processes referring to neural networks. This means that they don’t believe physical and chemical properties need to be explained (Flanagan, 1991, p. 180).
Computer science has become a functional style of explanation due to the fact that the processing of information can be used as an analogy to mental processes. Like a computer, the mind can be broken down into

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