What´s Cognitive Psychology? Essay
Another cognitive scientist, John Anderson, states “cognitive psychology attempts to understand the nature of human intelligence and how people think” (Flanagan, 1991, p. 179). Anderson’s statement indeed supports the common assumption once again but a question arises. Are functional styles of explanation enough to support it? To explain this assumption, cognitive scientists use design and intentional stances. Design stances can be referred to as a system that can be broken down into smaller parts. It is assumed that each part of the design stance will function correctly so that the system as a whole is functioning correctly. The intentional stance differs from the design stance in that it involves using mental concepts. However, these two stances are oftentimes blended together to account for explanations while validating the desire to understand something. Cognitive scientists don’t find it necessary to describe cognitive processes referring to neural networks. This means that they don’t believe physical and chemical properties need to be explained (Flanagan, 1991, p. 180).
Computer science has become a functional style of explanation due to the fact that the processing of information can be used as an analogy to mental processes. Like a computer, the mind can be broken down into